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EASC Newsletter

A publication of the East Asian Studies Center, Indiana University

November 2007

Reports

2007-08 POSCO NGO Fellows

This year EASC welcomes two leaders of Korean non-governmental organizations (NGOs), Chang Sun Kim and Jin Young Park, for a year of research and study on the Bloomington campus. Kim and Park are participants in the POSCO TJ Park Foundation NGO Fellows Program, which provides Korean NGO personnel a yearlong sabbatical at one of five universities (IU, Columbia, George Washington, Stanford, and British Columbia). Each fellow is pursuing research in his or her own area of interest—Kim on conflict resolution in public policy disagreements and Park on the effect that globalization has had on women in the workforce.

Chang Sun Kim, left, and Jin Young Park

Chang Sun Kim, left, and Jin Young Park, two leaders of Korean non-governmental organizations

Profile: Chang Sun Kim

As a student activist at the University of Daegu during Korea’s transition to a democratic state, Chang Sun Kim supported the establishment of popular presidential elections and labor unions. Even with these goals achieved, Kim believes that workers are still underrepresented in politics and that the rapid growth of democracy sometimes leads to violations of their rights. His experience with NGOs has convinced him that efforts to obtain representation for the working class should be directed towards educating the larger population to be successful. To this end, he has worked for thirteen years with the Citizens’ Coalition of Economic Justice, a large umbrella organization based in Seoul. Kim co-founded two branches of this NGO, one in Kyung-Ju in 1995 and one in Ulsan in 1998.

Simply increasing participation, however, will not lead to a smoothly operating government. As the public becomes more politically aware, conflicts between disagreeing parties are becoming more frequent, sometimes escalating to violence. Kim believes there is not yet a strong mechanism or system for solving these conflicts in Korea. While conducting research at IU he hopes to discover constructive ways to resolve these conflicts and accommodate different interests in the political process.

Kim advises IU students who would like to work for an NGO or non-profit organization to consider their lifestyles because “those working at an NGO are not working for the individual person or working for any small group, they are working for the public.” As a benefit, however, Kim notes that they may “get a sense of pride by being involved in the policy-making process for the people.”

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Profile: Jin Young Park

Jin Young Park’s work with the Korean Women Workers’ Association (KWWA) and the Committee for Asian Women (CAW) based in Bangkok has convinced her of the importance of the women’s labor movement. “I believe that labor is one of the most important issues for women, regardless of whether they are in the labor market or not,” she says. Her fieldwork with the KWWA has taken her to many Asian countries to conduct and publicize her research on the situation of women workers, such as their working conditions, sexual harassment, physical and verbal abuse, and unemployment. With CAW she organized programs and surveys and helped to support initiatives by local groups in various Asian countries. To deepen her understanding on what she has experienced first-hand, while at IU she plans to conduct research into the ways in which globalization has affected women’s lives.

Through all this work she has become convinced of the importance of international solidarity for women fighting for better lives. “I met women workers and activists in Asia who are struggling for survival and are sincerely devoted to social movement through their work,” she says, adding that they taught her that by working together women can change the world, regardless of how difficult their current reality is. Despite the hardships she has seen, she values her work: “I believe that my experience as a social activist is my greatest asset. This experience has been the guiding light of my life—the pillar of my values and goals in life.”

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Science and Technology in the Pacific Century (STIP) Update

Funded by the Illinois/Indiana U.S. Department of Education Title VI grant, the Science and Technology in the Pacific Century (STIP) project was initiated in Fall 2006 with the goal of exploring shifts in the location of leading scientific research towards East Asian institutions, which is likely in this century to affect scientific practice and have significant impact on East Asia and the West. STIP aims to build intellectual capacity and academic coordination on these topics by holding a series of events that will culminate in a national conference and curriculum development projects by 2010.

During 2006-07 the IU section of the STIP project focused on recruiting a leadership team and a broad group of participating faculty, securing funding for ethnographic research on science practice in East Asia, and developing an agenda for a 2007-08 faculty seminar. Robert Eno (chair, EALC) and David Hakken (director, International Activities, School of Informatics) were designated co-directors in Fall 2006. They are supported by a steering committee that includes Heidi Ross (director, EASC), Thomas Gieryn (chair, Sociology), and Sue Tuohy (Folklore and Ethnomusicology).

The steering committee has secured internal grants for two research initiatives—one for graduate student assistance in compiling and organizing bibliographical and statistical information and the other for ethnographic research visits to Japanese and Chinese laboratories in the summer of 2008. In February 2007 IU STIP events were formally initiated by interim IU-Bloomington Provost (now IU President) Michael McRobbie, who presented a keynote address, “The International Language of Science.” Public lectures and faculty seminars for 2007-08 are now underway, focusing on the following themes: conceptual issues in the geography of science (September); history of science in twentieth-century Japan and measures of science innovation across cultures (October); professional education of scientists in East Asia (November); the contemporary PRC scientific environment (December);  examples of major science initiatives in Japan (January); science administration in the PRC (March); and scientific innovation in PRC corporate contexts (April). Please visit the STIP website for information on upcoming events.

IL/IN East Asia Ethnography Dissertation Workshop

Eight Ph.D. candidates from across the country participated in the first annual IL/IN National Dissertation Workshop May 4-5 on East Asian ethnography. These workshops, funded by the U.S. Department of Education’s Title VI grant to the Illinois/Indiana National Resource Center Consortium, feature IL/IN areas of national strength in two-day gatherings at which IL/IN faculty offer feedback on in-progress dissertations. Hosted by the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and led by Sara Friedman (Anthropology and Gender Studies, IU), Roger Janelli (Folklore and Ethnomusicology, IU), and Karen Kelsky (EALC and Anthropology, UIUC), each student presented a dissertation chapter, followed by comments and questions from the faculty. Topics ranged from the “commodification of fate” in South Korean fortunetelling, to the global transformation of the Japanese Mom-and-Pop store, to advertising and the construction of Chinese identity.

The next IL/IN National Dissertation Workshop will be held in May 2008 in Bloomington.  Details will be available in the early spring.

IL/IN Summer Seminar: East Asian Cinema in Transnational Contexts

On May 21 and 22, EASC hosted an IL/IN East Asian Summer Seminar on East Asian Cinema in Transnational Contexts, the first of a series of seminars funded by the Title VI grant. These summer seminars are designed to bring the faculty strengths of one campus to graduate and advanced undergraduate students of the other campus as well as to serve students at regional universities. Three faculty members from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign , David Desser (Unit for Cinema Studies), France Gateward (Cinema Studies and African American Studies & Research), and Gary Xu (EALC and Comparative Literature), joined IU’s Greg Waller (Communication and Culture) in leading the seminar for eighteen students—eight from IU, three from UIUC, and seven from other universities in the Midwest. Through case studies of individual films and filmmakers and discussion of theoretical perspectives of globalization and new media, the seminar examined the ways in which East Asian cinema has historically engaged in transnational exchanges and a globalizing film culture.

Participants completed required readings before the seminar began so that class time could be devoted to interactive lectures and discussions of film history and methodologies. As one student commented, “I used to take a more textual approach, but this seminar introduced me to a variety of approaches—reception, distribution, and economics. Greg Waller’s presentation was very helpful, and it really opened up another perspective to me.” The seminar also provided valuable networking opportunities for students with similar interests from several universities. An IU student noted, “My biggest gain [from this seminar] is to be exposed to the work of other students and to have a chance to learn from and discuss with faculty members.”

The 2008 IL/IN Summer Seminar will take place next spring, hosted by UIUC. Details will be forthcoming.

STARTALK 2007: Chinese Pedagogy Institute

In June EASC hosted a two-week Chinese Pedagogy Institute (CPI) for fourteen practicing and prospective high school teachers pursuing secondary certification in Chinese. Directed by Jennifer Liu (EALC) with assistance from two visiting faculty, Michael Everson (Foreign Language Education, University of Iowa) and Claire Kotenbeutel (Curriculum and Instruction, University of Wisconsin-Madison), CPI provided instruction in effective methods and techniques of teaching Chinese, principles for selecting and developing instructional materials, curriculum design, implementation of lesson plans, and class management.

The first week took place at Bradford Woods, IU’s outdoor center, which provided a retreat-like environment ideal for intensive study and discussion of theoretical issues in Chinese pedagogy and the collaborative development of lesson plans. The second week was held at IU, where participants engaged in a teaching practicum with twelve high school students who had no experience in Chinese. In addition to the training, participants received four hours of graduate credit to apply towards their home states’ certification requirements. With support from IU’s Center for Language Technology and Instructional Enrichment (CeLTIE), CPI also helped participants document their growth and prepare e-portfolios to facilitate their certification.

This program was funded by STARTALK, a presidential initiative that supports summer programs in critical needs languages such as Chinese and Arabic.

National Consortium for Teaching about Asia (NCTA)

The Freeman Foundation recently awarded EASC approximately $496,000 to continue its coordination of NCTA Teaching about Asia seminars and study tours for middle and high school teachers in the Midwest and South. Since EASC co-founded NCTA in 1998, nearly 1,050 teachers from Alabama, Illinois, Indiana,  Kentucky, Louisiana, Ohio, Michigan, and, Minnesota have taken these thirty-hour introductory seminars on East Asian history, culture, and society taught by local East Asianist faculty. Spring 2008 seminars will be held in: Birmingham, AL; Chicago, IL; Columbus, IN; Lexington, KY; New Orleans, LA; Akron, OH; Marietta, OH; and Minneapolis, MN. For application information, go to the NCTA Web page.

NCTA Teaching about Asia Summer Seminar in Bloomington

EASC held a one-week residential NCTA Teaching about Asia seminar on the Bloomington campus in July. Instructor Paul B. Watt (Asian Studies, DePauw University) provided a broad overview of East Asian history and culture for the eighteen middle and high school teachers, mostly from rural Indiana. Participants took advantage of Bloomington’s many Asian resources, including curricular materials in EASC’s resource room, the Asian gallery at the IU Art Museum, and the Tibetan Mongolian Buddhist Cultural Center. The seminar instructor was a favorite of the participants, with one describing Watt as “a gifted teacher and a ‘gentleman’ as defined by Confucius.”

NCTA Study Tour to China

Nineteen middle and high school teachers from the Midwest and South traveled to China for a Freeman Foundation-funded three-week NCTA study tour this summer. They were accompanied by Heidi Ross (Educational Leadership and Policy Studies and director, EASC), tour leader Jessica Dzieweczynski (outreach assistant, EASC), faculty expert Kristin Stapleton (History, University of Kentucky), and curriculum coordinator Jenna Bergren (AP World History and History teacher, Fishers High School, Fishers, IN).

The tour took them to many historical and cultural sites in China, including the Forbidden City and Great Wall in Beijing, the Terra Cotta Warriors and the Muslim quarter in Xi’an, a silk factory in Suzhou, and a rural school in Shaanxi province. The experience of a study tour guided by East Asian specialists was enriching in ways beyond the intellectual—all returned home with cultural artifacts to share with their students and a renewed zeal for teaching. Information on the 2008 NCTA study tour to Japan and Korea, open only to NCTA Teaching about Asia seminar alumni, is available here.

Teaching East Asian Literature in the High School Workshop

In July EASC hosted its ninth annual workshop on Teaching East Asian Literature in the High School, with funding from the Freeman Foundation. Twenty-one teachers from around the country traveled to Bloomington for this intensive week of lectures, discussions, and hands-on activities  focusing on the literature, history, and culture of China, Japan, and Korea. They also participated in special sessions on ikebana and tai chi as well as a docent-led tour of the Asian gallery at the IU Art Museum. Upon completing the workshop, teachers created lesson plans designed to make works such as Lu Xun’s “A Madman’s Diary,” Sei Shonagon’s The Pillow Book, and The Song of a Faithful Wife, Ch’unhyang come alive for high school students. Information on the 2008 summer workshop is available here.

East Asian Languages Standards Workshop for High School Teachers

On July 14 EASC held “New State Standards for East Asian Languages: Implications and Implementation,” a pedagogy workshop for Indiana high school teachers of Chinese and Japanese. The twenty-four participants attended morning sessions on the development of the new standards by Adriana Melnyk (World Languages Coordinator, Indiana Department of Education and lead developer of the IDOE’s World Language Standards) and Sadatoshi Tomizawa (Modern Languages and Classics, Ball State University and associate lead developer of IDOE’s East Asian Languages Standards). After lunch teachers attended language-specific breakout sessions, which included the sharing of standards-based lesson plans as well as presentations by IU Chinese and Japanese language coordinators Jennifer Liu and Yasuko Ito Watt.

Fall 2007 IL/IN Cross-Campus Teaching Program

As part of its Title VI-funded IL/IN Cross-Campus Teaching initiative, EASC is sponsoring an EALC graduate seminar this fall in conjunction with a similar seminar offered by the Center for East Asian and Pacific Studies at the University of Illinois. The two parallel seminars are being taught synchronously—East Asian Scholarship (EALC E604) taught by Michael Robinson (EALC, IU) and the East Asia Graduate Certificate Seminar (EAPS AS 550) at Illinois, offering students an interdisciplinary look at the different questions and assumptions that have guided scholarship on East Asia. Both courses introduce students to East Asian specialists at their home institutions by including guest lectures in a variety of disciplines.  IU guest lectures are video-linked with the Illinois seminar, with those sessions taught jointly and students from both campuses taking part in discussions.

East Asian Colloquium Series

This fall’s East Asian colloquium series kicked off on September 14 with a lecture by Toru Takahashi (Japanese Literature, University of Nagoya), a distinguished specialist of ancient Japanese courtly literature and arts. He presented the lecture “A Harem without Eunuchs: Women’s Lives and the Formation of The Tale of Genji.” While in Indiana, he also conducted research at the IU Art Museum and the Indianapolis Museum of Art. Judith Stubs, Pamela Buell Curator of Asian Art at the IU Art Museum, showed him an off-display folding screen decorated with six small paintings mounted onto the gold surface of the screen, purchased by the museum in 1968 from Robert Laurent, former sculpture professor in Fine Arts. Takahashi thought that some of the paintings were illustrations for The Tale of Genji that could date to as early as the sixteenth century, which would make the screen an important find for his research. He and his team of scholars are currently conducting research to identify the work.

East Asian Career Night

Twenty-eight undergraduates gathered at the Career Development Center for East Asian Career Night on September 25 to hear a panel discussion on careers involving East Asia. Travis Selmier (Ph.D. in Political Science) spoke about his seventeen-year career in international equities. Christiana Stouder (M.A. in Second Language Studies) described how she helped to found a school for female migrant workers in rural China. She was followed by Scott O’Bryan (EALC and History), who told how he discovered his first job in Japan through networking. The panel discussion concluded with Sarah Pederson (director of advising, College of Arts and Sciences) sharing her experiences as an English teacher in Taiwan. The panel discussion was followed by a Q & A session and an opportunity to network with the presenters.

Emerging China: Threats, Challenges, and Possibilities of a Rising Super Power

In September Tim Rich (Ph.D. in Political Science) taught a Lifelong Learning course titled Emerging China: Threats, Challenges, and Possibilities of a Rising Superpower through the School of Continuing Studies. This three-part course examined China’s relationship to the United States and to the world as it becomes an economic and political superpower. The class paid special attention to relations between China and Taiwan and the politics surrounding China’s relationship with Tibetan and Xinjiang ethnic minorities. “I found the class to be a great teaching experience,” Rich said. “The students were not only engaged but asked thoughtful questions.” EASC sponsors a Lifelong Learning course for Bloomington residents each fall.

Briefings on East Asia: Greensburg Seminars

To help Greensburg, IN residents prepare for the new $550 million Honda assembly plant and the arrival of Japanese Honda employees and their families, EASC offered four Japan-focused seminars on October 3 and 4.  Designed to further understanding about Japanese culture, business, and education, these seminars were taught by Susan Furukawa, a Greensburg native and a Ph.D. candidate in EALC. A two-part series, “Doing Business with Japan,” introduced Japanese business culture and etiquette to more than twenty members of the Greensburg business community.  These seminars were part of EASC’s Title VI-funded Briefings on East Asia program, which provides custom-designed seminars to those working in business, government, and other professional fields. A second series, “Understanding Japanese Education,” provided an orientation to the Japanese education system and values to fifty-five elementary school educators and staff.

The Second Wave: Modern Japanese Prints from Bloomington Collections

On October 5 the IU Art Museum opened a special art exhibition titled The Second Wave: Modern Japanese Prints from Bloomington Collections. This exhibition runs through December 16 and features forty woodblock prints from the IU Art Museum’s own collection and from local collectors. Divided into two parts, “New Prints” (Shin Hanga) and “Creative Prints” (Sōsaku Hanga), The Second Wave explores the rejuvenation of activity and interest in woodblock prints in the twentieth century. The Second Wave is sponsored by the Thomas T. Solley Endowment for the Curator of Asian Art, the IU Art Museum’s Arc Fund, and EASC. For more information, click here.

Seminar on Translation: Shelley Fenno Quinn

On November 1 EASC co-sponsored an Institute for Advanced Study Seminar on Translation that welcomed home IU alumna Shelley Fenno Quinn (EALC, The Ohio State University) for a public lecture titled “Noh Master Zeami’s ‘Flower Passed Down from Mind to Mind’: Lost in Translation?” Fenno Quinn discussed the use of the word kokoro in the writings of seminal Noh playwright Zeami and the challenges scholars face in attempting to translate this word, which can mean “heart” or “mind” in English.

Olympic Dreams: East Asian Olympics from Tokyo to Beijin

Zhiwei Pan, a member of the Organizing Committee for the Beijing Olympic Games and winner of the Tony A. Mobley Distinguished Alumni Award from IU’s School of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation (HPER), delivered the keynote address for the symposium “Olympic Dreams: East Asian Olympics from Tokyo to Beijing” on November 2. In his address, “New Beijing, Great Olympics: The Effects of the 2008 Olympic Games on Chinese Society,” Pan discussed the impact of the Games on daily life in Beijing. He also gave an overview of the preparations that have been made for the Games, including the development of the “Fuwa” mascots and the construction of new sports arenas.

Pan’s talk was preceded by two panels of experts. The first panel provided historical and socio-cultural perspectives on the Olympics in East Asia, focusing on the 1964 Games in Tokyo and the 1988 Games in Seoul, and included Scott O’Bryan (History and EALC), Soochul Kim (Institute of Communications and Research, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign), and Elise Edwards (History and Anthropology, Butler University), as well as an introduction to the Beijing Games’ promotional images and music by Sue Tuohy (Folklore and Ethnomusicology). The second panel looked forward to the Beijing Olympics, with Marc Dollinger (Management, Kelley School of Business) speaking on its anticipated effect on entrepreneurial activity and Phil Henson (Kinesiology, HPER and director of track and field events for the 1996 Games in Atlanta) placing the Beijing Games in the context of the ancient history and philosophy of the Games.