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Affirmative Action

Timeline of Affirmative Action Milestones by Borgna Brunner
This timeline, which includes hyperlinks to additional resources, traces the history of affirmative action from 1965 to 2001.

Affirmative Action in Higher Education, a Current Legal Overview by Ann Springer
A good overview of court cases affecting affirmative action in higher education.

The Historical Development of Affirmative Action: An Aggregated Analysis by Shawn Woodhouse
Western Journal of Black Studies; Fall2002, Vol. 26 Issue 3, p155, 4p Background on affirmative action; Legislation related to affirmative action during the 1930s; Provisions of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

University of Michigan Affirmative Action Admissions Cases

University of Michigan Lawsuits (University of Michigan)
This Web site includes links to news releases and articles, statements by UM leaders and others, frequently asked questions, a legal overview, court filings, and supporting research.

University of Michigan Lawsuits (University of Michigan Documents Center)
This Web site, which is intended for library reference and research purposes, provides links to documents about the lawsuits, plaintiffs, defendants, University of Michigan, and legal issues. Links to articles from local news media and links to related resources are also included.

Racial Diversity in Higher Education

"The Dynamics of Race in Higher Education: An examination of the Evidence" by the American Educational Research Association (AERA)
A panel of race relations and diversity experts from across the country wrote this online book. The book examines the research surrounding the "current debates about the value, means of achieving, and consequences of racial diversity in colleges and universities It synthesizes and interprets this body of research in a way that is accessible to a broad audience."

Why Race Matters by Jeffery F. Milem
The author highlights some common misconceptions about affirmative action in higher education and describes the benefits of diversity in higher education—for both institutions and students.

Title IX Information

The American Association of University Women Fact Sheet on Title IX
Give a good overview of the provisions and requirements of Title IX. Includes court decisions affecting the policy.

The American Association of University Women Position Paper on Equity in Athletics
Discussion of the importance of equity in athletics.